The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US) estimated 1.7 million hospital-associated (nosocomial) infections caused or contributed to 99,000 deaths. In Europe, 25,000 deaths each year are attributed mainly to Gram-negative bacterial infections. Around 9,000 deaths associated with hospital acquired infections were recorded in the UK, with patient care costing the National Health Service over £1 billion (national audit office, 2007).
Patients in the intensive care and burns/trauma units are at highest risk. Opportunistic infections can have a devastating effect on the health of immuno-compromised patients following prior exposure to viruses such as HIV/AIDS, transplant patients on immunosuppressive drugs, the elderly and newborn.
Infectious pathogens that are prevalent in the hospital environment are viruses (hepatitis ABC, HIV, norovirus) and bacteria which can be spread through contact with biological fluids and faeco-oral route. Fungi are responsible for a number of respiratory infections spread aerially and through the use of respirators. The majority of hospital infections have methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Clostridium difficile involvement, although recent years show a rise in E.Coli infections. Micro-organisms involved in Hospital acquired infections are displaying increased antibiotic resistance, which is spreading to Gram-negative bacteria that can spread into the general public sphere.
It is widely recognised that rather than treatment through systemic antibiotics, Infection Prevention and Control through intensive hospital hygiene is the safest, most effective and economical way to safeguard patient health. Most of the above organisms can be readily eradicated from the patients’ environment through the use of a carefully selected broad spectrum virucidal hospital disinfectant before infection takes place. The characteristics of a hospital disinfectant should include proven efficacy against common pathogen classes, user safety and compatibility with a range of hard surfaces.
Transmissions can be limited through management of air, water and food quality and through intensive decontamination of hard surfaces. Paying particular attention to hand hygiene through the use of surgical hand scrubs, bactericidal hand soaps and alcohol hand rubs by care givers prevents infectious organisms being passed on during patient care.
Quat-Chem offers a complete range of highly effective hospital hygiene products to address hygiene requirements in healthcare and ensure a safe hospital environment for patients, health care providers, and the general public.
Please contact us on firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss your hospital hygiene requirements.
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